The project of the Dubrovnik Rivièra is a pilot project for creating a system for developing a integral sustainable tourism future for the whole area, turning it to the cultural, natural and rural frontyard of the UNESCO-city of Dubrovnik.
The landscape plan for sustainable tourism development in the Dubrovnik Rivièra (the land directly north of the city) is based on the cultural and natural qualities and potential of the area. Those are divided in four main landscape-zones: the archipelago, coastal plane, hinterland and mountains.
The Dubrovnik Rivièra has a lot to offer next to a nice climate and beautiful sea. One of the main qualities is the cultural history which is present in the area, which are relicts from the time that the region was the centre of the famous Republic of Ragusa (Dubrovnik). Lopud for example was the second important city and still a lot reminds of this period (see monastery below and rector’s palace in details), Kolocep was a big shipyard and Trsteno and Orasac used to be a place where the rich citizens built their villas. The arboretum of Trsteno is one of those villas and at the entrance are the biggest plane trees of Europe, placed on the new townsquare of Trsteno (see details).
Another main quality is the authentic and spectacular hinterland with traditional authentic mountain villages surrounded by old cultural fields full of vegetables and orchards. Behind that are rough mountains with a lot of cultivated dolines (sinkholes) and one of the most beautiful and biggest caves of Croatia. All undiscovered and untouched by tourism, but with great potential.
When placing the new tourism target groups (on base of qualities and potential) it is clearly visible that the new tourism target groups are spread over the whole area. Also each part of the area has some special focus and serves as the base for the concept and diversion in the regional plan.
Where the current spatial system of tourism and transport is based on the coast and using the city of Dubrovnik as hub, there is a lack of structure linking the landscapes in vertical way. This small-scaled tourism network system serves as the base for the development plan. While linking all villages and touristic areas in the region with eachother and the city a good working sustainable system will be created to support the local development and diversity. By making the region working together in a diverse system problems like short stays, seasonality and dependence of the city are solved and the region will develop itself as a successfull sustainable area for locals and tourists.
In the development concept of the region there is made a clear difference in zoning to serve as many different tourism target groups and cluster the big developments on tactical places. To link the areas internally and with eachother sustainable connection paths are facilitated, from hiking and biking trails, a coastal hop-on-hop-off-ferry and two mountaintrains to bridge steep mountainslopes. The blue zone is focused on the coast and the bay of Zaton, the yellow zone around Osojnik is based on active tourism of mountainbiking and horseback riding, while the orange zone is focused on active tourism of biking and hiking and rural tourism. The red zone is the most intensive zone, where Gromaca is the base of rural tourism and gastronomy, at the back of the zone the intensive mountain-zone with guided trails and a mountaintrain to reach the mountains is built. This train also serves the Gromaca cave, the topattraction of the hinterland.